Water Quality



VSA References and Links



VSA References

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VSA Hydrology (Mechanics)

Betson, R.P. 1964. Water is watershed runoff? Journal of Geophysical Research 69(8):1541-1552. full text

Brown, V.A., J.J. McDonnell, D.A. Burns, C. Kendall. 1999. The role of event water, a rapid shallow flow component, and catchment size in summer stormflow. Journal of Hydrology. 217:171-190.

Dickinson, W.T. and H. Whiteley. Watershed areas contributing to runoff. Hydrological Processes. 12-26. full text

Dunne, T. and L.B. Leopold. 1978. Water in Environmental Planning. W.H. Freeman&Co. New York. 818 pp.

Dunne, T. Moore, T.R., and Taylor, C.H. 1975. Recognition and prediction of runoff-producing zones in humid regions. Hydrological Sciences Bulletin. 20(3):305-327. full text

Dunne, T., and R.D. Black. 1970. Partial area contributions to storm runoff in a small New England watershed. Water Resour. Res. 6:1296-1311. full text

Dunne, T. 1970. Runoff production in humid areas. U.S. Department of Agriculture Publication ARS-41-160. 108 pp.

Hewlett, J.D. and Hibbert, A.R. 1967. Factors affecting the response of small watersheds to precipitation in humid regions. IN Forest Hydrology (eds. W.E. Sopper and H.W. Lull). Pergamon Press, Oxford. pp. 275-290. full text

Hewlett, J.D. and W.L. Nutter. 1970. The varying source area of streamflow from upland basins. Proceedings of the Symposium on Interdisciplinary Aspects of Watershed Management. held in Bozeman, MT. August 3-6, 1970. pp. 65-83. ASCE. New York. full text

Horton, R.E. 1940. An approach toward a physical interpretation of infiltration capacity. Soil Science Society of America Proceedings 4:399-417.

Horton, R.E. 1933. The role of infiltration in the hydrologic cycle. Transactions American Geophysical Union 14:446-460.full text

Mulholland, P.J. 1993. Hydrometric and stream chemistry evidence of three storm flowpaths in Walker Branch Watershed. Journal of Hydrology. 151:291-316. full text

O'Loughlin, E.M. 1981. Saturation regions in catchments and their relations to soil and topographic properties. Journal of Hydrology. 53:229-246. full text

Salmon, C.D., M.T. Walter, L.O. Hedin, M.G. Brown. 2001. Hydrological Controls on Chemical Export from a Pristine Old-Growth Forest in Chile. Journal of Hydrology. 253(1-4):69-80. full text

Steenhuis, T.S., J.-Y. Parlange, W.E. Sanford, A. Heilig, F. Stagnitti, and M.F. Walter. 1999. Can We Distinguish Richards' and Boussinesq's Equations for Hillslopes? The Coweeta Experiment Revisited. Water Resources Research 35:589-593. full text

Steenhuis, T.S., Shimbo, H.K., Norman, W.R, Allee, D.J. 1986. Irrigation potential in the Susquehanna River Basin. Completion Report. Submitted to the Susquehanna River Basin Commission.

Tennessee Valley Authority. 1964. Bradshaw Creek-Elk River, a pilot study in area-stream factor correlation. Research Paper No 4. Office of Tributary Area Development. Knoxville. 64 pp.

U.S. Forest Service. 1961. Some ideas about storm runoff and baseflow. Annual Report. Southeastern Forest Experiment Station. pp. 61-66.

Walter, M.T., V.K. Mehta, A.M. Marrone, J. Boll, T.S. Steenhuis, M.F. Walter, C.A. Scott. 2002b. A Simple Estimation of the Prevalence of Hortonian Flow in the New York City Watersheds. ASCE Journal of Hydrological Engineering. full text

Walter, M.T. and J.S. Ostman. 2002. Does Soil Water-Rain Mixing Impact Estimates of Saturated Runoff-Contributing Areas by Chemical Hydrograph Separation? (unpublished paper)

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VSA Modeling

Arnold, J.G., J.R. Williams, A.D. Nicks, N.B. Sammons. 1990. "SWRRB: A basin scale formulation model for soil and water resources management." Texas A&M Univ. Press, College Station, TX.

Bernier, P.Y. 1986. Variable source areas and stormflow generation: an update of the concept and a simulation effort. Journal of Hydrology. 79:195-213. full text

Beven, K. J. and M. J. Kirkby. 1979. A physically based, variable contributing area model of basin hydrology. Hydrological Sciences Bulletin. 24(1). 43-69. full text

Boll, J., D. Van Buren, C.A. Campbell, E.S. Brooks, S. Chen, C.A. Stöckle, D.K. McCool, and D. Feichtinger. 2001. Distributed modeling and economic analysis of erosion in GIS for watershed restoration. Manuscript for presentation at the Integrated Decision-Making for Watershed Management Symposium, Maryland, Jan 7-9, 2001.

Boll, J., Stockle, C.O., Young, S. K., Brooks, E.S., Hammel, J.E., McDaniel, P.A., and Campbell, C.R. 1998. Progress toward development of a GIS based water quality management tool for small rural watersheds: modification and application of a distributed model. ASAE Annu. Int. Mtg. ASAE paper 982230, Orlando. Fl. (1998).

Brooks, E.S., McDaniel, P.A. and Boll, J. 2000. Hydrological modeling in watersheds of the eastern Palouse: Estimation of subsurface flow contributions. 2000 PNW-ASAE Regional Mtg, ASAE Paper 2000-10, Richland, WA. (2000).

Frankenberger, J.R. 1996. Identification of critical runoff generating areas using a variable source area model. PhD Thesis, Dept. of Agric. and Biol. Engrg., Cornell University, Ithaca, NY.

Frankenberger, J.R., E.S. Brooks, M.T. Walter, M.F. Walter, T.S. Steenhuis. 1999. A GIS-Based Variable Source Area Hydrology Model. Hydrological Processes. 13(6):804-822. full text

Kim S.J. and T.S. Steenhuis. 2001. GRISTORM: Grid-based variable source area storm runoff model. Transactions of the ASAE. 44 (4)863-875. full text

Kim, S.J. and T.S. Steenhuis. 1998. GRID-based variable source area STOrm Runoff Model. (eds. V.Babovic and L.C.Larsen) Proc. of the 3rd International Converence on Hydroinformatics. August 24-26. Coenhagen, Denmark. 1998 Balkema, Rotterdam. (ISBN 90 54109831) :1383-1390.full text

Kuo, W.-L ., P. Longabucco, M.R. Rafferty, J. Boll, and T.S. Steenhuis. 1996. An integrated GIS-based model for soil water and nitrogen dynamics in a New York City watershed. Watershed Restoration Management: Physcial, Chemical, and Biological Consdierations. New York City Water Supply Studies. Am. Water Resourc. Ass. July, (1996):17-26. full text

Kuo, W.L., Steenuis, T.S., McCulloch, C.E., Mohler, C.L., Weinstein, D.A., DeGloria, S.D., Swaney, D.P. 1999. Effect of grid size on runoff and soil moisture for a variable-source-area hydrology model. Water Resources Research. 35(11):3419-3428. full text

Mehta, V.K., M.T. Walter, E.S. Brooks, T.S. Steenhuis, M.F. Walter, M. Johnson, J. Boll, D. Thongs. 2004. Application of SMR to modeling watersheds in the Catskill Mountains. Environmental Modeling and Assessment. 9:77-89. full text

Ogden, F. L. and B.A. Watts. 2000. Saturated area formation on nonconvergent hillslope topography with shallow soils: A numerical investigation.Water Resources Research 36 (7): 1795-1804. full text

Ogunkoya, O.O., A. Jenkins. 1993. Analysis of storm hydrographps and flow pathways using a three-component hydrolgraph separation model. Journal of Hydrology. 142:71-88. full text

Rallison, R. K. 1980. Origin and evolution of the SCS runoff equation. Symp. On Watershed Mgmt., ASCE, New York, NY, 912-924.

Rossing J.R., D. Caraco, J.A. Zollweg, M.F. Walter, T.S. Steenhuis. 1993. A GIS-based variable source area model for identifying zones contributing surface runoff. Presentation. AGU Fall Meeting. December 6-10. SanFrancisco, CA. Abstract Volume p. 291.

SMDR - The Soil Moisture Distribution and Routing Model. January 2003. Soil and Water Laboratory, Biological and Environmental Engineering Department, Cornell University. Ithaca, NY 14853. SMDR website - full text

Steenhuis, T.S., M. Winchell, J. Rossing, J.A. Zollweg, and M.F. Walter. 1995. SCS runoff equation revisited for variable source runoff areas. ASCE Journal of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering 121:234-238. full text

Walter, M.T., T.S. Steenhuis, V.K Mehta, D. Thongs, M. Zion, E. Schneiderman. 2002a. Refined Conceptualization of TOPMODEL for Shallow Subsurface Flows. Hydrological Processes. 16(10):2041-2046. full text

Young, R.A., C.A. Onstad, D.D. Bosch, W.P. Anderson. 1989 AGNPS: A nonpoint-source pollution model for evaluating agricultural watersheds. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation 44 n2. full text

Zollweg, J.A., 1994. Effective use of geographic information systems for rainfall-runoff modeling. PhD Thesis, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY.

Zollweg, J.A., Gburek, W.J. and Steenhuis, T.S. 1996. SmoRMod - A GIS-integrated rainfall-runoff model. Transactions of the ASAE, 39(4):1299-1307. full texttop of page (link)


Water Quality Implications

Arnold, J.G., J.R. Williams, A.D. Nicks, N.B. Sammons. 1990. "SWRRB: A basin scale formulation model for soil and water resources management." Texas A&M Univ. Press, College Station, TX.

Boll, J., Stockle, C.O., Young, S. K., Brooks, E.S., Hammel, J.E., McDaniel, P.A., and Campbell, C.R. 1998. Progress toward development of a GIS based water quality management tool for small rural watersheds: modification and application of a distributed model. ASAE Annu. Int. Mtg. ASAE paper 982230, Orlando. Fl. (1998).

Brooks, E.S. and J. Boll. 2002. Evaluation of a distributed hydrology model to support restoration efforts in small watersheds with limited data: from research scale to management scale. Paper written for publication at the ERB2002 meeting in Demanovska Dolina, Slovakia, on September 25-28, 2002. full text

Dean, D.M. and M.E. Foran. 1992. The effect of farm liquid waste application on tile drainage. J. of Soil and Water Conservation, 47(5):368-369. full text

Engman, E.T. 1974. Partial area hydrology and its application to water resources. Water Resources Bulletin. 10:512-521. full text

Frankenberger, J.R., M.F. Walter, J. Boll. 1996. Use of a GIS-based hydrological model to schedule farm manure application in the New York City watershed. Watershed Restoration Management: Physcial, Chemical, and Biological Consdierations. New York City Water Supply Studies. Am. Water Resourc. Ass. July, 1996:7-16.

Gachter, R., Ngatiah, J.M. and Stamm, C. 1998. Transport of phosphate from soil to surface waters by preferential flow. Environmental Science and Technology. 32(13):1865-1869.

Gburek, W.J., C.C. Drungil, M.S. Srivivasan, B.A. Needelman, D.E. Woodward. 2002. Variable-source area controls on phosphorus transport: Bridging the gap between research and design. Journal of Soil Water and Conservation 57(6):534-543. full text

Heathwaite, A.L. and P.J. Johnes. 1996. Contribution of nitrogen species and phosphorus fractions to stream water quality in agricultural catchments. Hydrological Processes. 10: 971-983. full text

Heatwole, C.D., A.B. Bottcher, and L.B. Baldwin. 1987. Modeling cost-effectiveness of agricultural nonpoint pollution abatement programs on two Florida basins. 23(1): 127-131. full text

Klien, C, M.T. Walter, T.S. Steenhuis, S.W. Lyon. 2001. Hydrological and land use controls on phosphorus distribution and movement in upland landscapes. In: Geoenvironmental Impact Management, (eds. Young and Thomas). Proc. 3rd British Geotechnical Assoc. and Cardiff Univ. Geoenvironmental Engineering Conference, Sept. 17-19, Edinburgh. 525-530.

Rossing, J.R. and M.F. Walter. Hydrological-based identification of critical areas for water quality protection in the New York City watershed. ASAE presentation paper. ASAE Annual International Meeting. June 18-23, 1995. Chicago, IL. pp. 10.

Scott, C.A., M.F. Walter, G.N. Nagle, M.T. Walter, N.V. Sierra, E.S. Brooks. 2001. Residual Phosphorus in Runoff from a Successional Forest on Abandoned Agricultural Land: Biogeochemical and Hydrological Processes. Biogeochemistry. 55(3):293-309. full text

Walter, M.T., E.S. Brooks, M.F. Walter, T.S. Steenhuis, C.A. Scott, J.Boll. 2001a. Evaluation of Soluble Phosphorus Transport from Manure-Applied Fields Under Various Spreading Strategies. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation. 56(4): 329-336. full text

Walter, M.T., J.-Y. Parlange, M.F. Walter, X. Xin, C.A. Scott. 2001b. Modeling Pollutant Release from a Surface Source During Rainfall-Runoff. Journal of Environmental Quality. 30(1):151-159. full text

Walter, M.T., M.F. Walter, E.S. Brooks, T.S. Steenhuis, J. Boll, K.R. Weiler. 2000. Hydrologically Sensitive Areas: Variable Source Area Hydrology Implications for Water Quality Risk Assessment. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation. 3:277-284. full text

Walter, M.T. and M.F. Walter. 1999. The New York City Watershed Agricultural Program (WAP): A Model for Comprehensive Planning for Water Quality and Agricultural Economic Viability. Water Resources Impact. 1(5):5-8.

Walter, M.F., T.S. Steenhuis, and D.A. Haith. 1979. Nonpoint source pollution control by soil and water conservation practices. Transactions of the ASAE. 22(5):834-840. full text

Xin, X. 1996. Mathematical Description of Entrainment and Transport of Soluble Pollutants in Manure. M.Sc. Thesis, Dept. Agricultural and Biological Engineering. Cornell University, Ithaca, NY.

Addtional VSA Papers

Geohring, L.D., P.E. Wright, and T.S. Steenhuis. 1998b. Preferential Flow of Liquid Manure to Subsurface Drains. In: Manure Management in Harmony with the Environment and Society, SWCS, Ames, IA. pp. 392-395.

Geohring, L.D. O.V. McHugh, M.T. Walter, T.S. Steenhuis, M.S. Akthar, M.F. Walter. 2001.Phosphorus transport into subsurface drains by macropores after manure applications: Implications for best manure management practices. (Submitted to Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J.) full text

Geohring, L.D., P.E. Wright, T.S. Steenhuis, and M.F. Walter. 1999b. Subsurface Drain Water Quality Impacts from Manure Applications. NABEC Paper No. 9905, Presented at NE Agricultural/Biological Engineering Conference, Lancaster, PA. 18 pp.

Geohring, L.D., P.E. Wright, and T.S. Steenhuis. 1998a. Preferential Flow of Liquid Manure to Subsurface Drains. In: Brown, L.C. (Ed.), Drainage in the 21st Century: Food Production and the Environment, Amer. Soc. of Ag. Eng., St. Joseph, MI. pp.1-8. full text

Geohring, L.D., P.E. Wright, T.S. Steenhuis, and M.F. Walter. 1999a. Fecal Coliforms in Tile Drainage Effluent. ASAE Paper 99-2203. Amer. Soc. of Ag. Eng., St. Joseph, MI. 20 pp.

Mulholland, P.J., G.V. Wilson, and P.M. Jardine. Hydrogeochemical response of a forested watershed to storms: effects of preferential flow along shallow and deep pathways. 26(12): 3021-3036. full text

Parlange, M.B., T.S. Steenhuis, and J.-Y. Parlange. 1986. Drainage from a uniform hillslope. Water Resources Research. 22(5):631-634.

Pilgrim, D.H., D.D. Huff, and T.D. Steele. 1979. Use of specific conductance and contact time relations for separating flow components in storm runoff. 15(2):329-339. full text

Scott, C.A., L.D. Geohring, and M.F. Walter. 1998. Water Quality Impacts of Tile Drains in Shallow, Sloping, Structured Soils as Affected by Manure Application, Applied Engineering in Agriculture Jour. 14(6):599-603.

Shalit, G. and T.S. Steenhuis. 1996. A simple mixing layer model predicting solute flow to drainage lines under preferential flow. Special Issue of Journal of Hydrology: Effective Groundwater Parameters for Flow and Transport in the Subsurface. 183(1-2):139-149.

Troch, P.A., F.P. DeTroch, and W. Brutsaert. 1993. Effective water table depth to describe initial conditions prior to storm rainfall in humid regions. 29(2):427-434. full text

VanDeGriend, A.A., and E.T. Engman. 1985. Partial area hydrology and remote sensing. Journal of Hydrology 81:211-251. (Note: This article is not complete, the introduction is provided along with the list of references) partial texttop of page (link)


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